Quantum many-body dynamics in a Lagrangian frame: I. Equations of motion and conservation laws

Physical Review B 71, 165104 (2005)

Quantum many-body dynamics in a Lagrangian frame: I. Equations of motion and conservation laws

I. V. Tokatly

We formulate equations of motion and conservation laws for a quantum many-body system in a co-moving Lagrangian reference frame. It is shown that generalized inertia forces in the co-moving frame are described by Green's deformation tensor gµnu( xi ,t) and a skew-symmetric vorticity tensor F-tildeµnu( xi ,t), where xi in the Lagrangian coordinate. Equations of motion are equivalent to those for a quantum many-body system in a space with time-dependent metric gµnu( xi ,t) in the presence of an effective magnetic field F-tildeµnu( xi ,t). To illustrate the general formalism we apply it to the proof of the harmonic potential theorem. As another example of application we consider a fast long wavelength dynamics of a Fermi system in the dynamic Hartree approximation. In this case the kinetic equation in the Lagrangian frame can be solved explicitly. This allows us to formulate the description of a Fermi gas in terms of an effective nonlinear elasticity theory. We also discuss a relation of our results to time-dependent density functional theory.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.71.165104

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